The Limitation ACT

  S.No.List of DoctrinesMeaningSection Number
 1Doctrine of Relation BackIn case of a set off the date of filling of set off relates back to the same date as the suit in which the set off is pleaded.Section 3
 2Vigilantibus et non dormientibus jura subveniuntLaw aids the vigilant and not those who sleeps over their rightsSection 3
 3Contra non valentem agere nulla currit praescriptioNo prescription runs against a person not able to actSection 3
 4Lex non cogit ad impossibiliaThe law does not compel a man to do anything vain or impossible or to do something which he cannot possibly perform.Section 4
 5Actus curiae neminem gravabitThe Act of court shall prejudice no one.Section 4
 6Condonation of DelayIt provides that the court can accept any appeal or application when filed after the limitation period if the appellant or applicant shows that he had a sufficient cause for not filing the appeal or application within the prescribed period.Section 5
 7Doctrine of Sufficient CauseThe term ‘sufficient cause’ has not been defined in this Act.  It can be defined as a cause, which is beyond the control of the party invoking the aid of Section 5.Section 5
 8Rule of Double DiscretionThe court first has to satisfy itself regarding the sufficiency of the cause and secondly even if the sufficient cause is proved, the court still has the discretion to condone the delay or not by weighing the claims of both the parties.Section 5
 9Aequitas legem sequiturEquity follows the lawSection 14
 10Actio personalis moritur cum personaA personal action dies with the personSection 16
 11Principle of AdmissionThe bar of limitation should not be allowed to operate in cases in which the existence of a claim is acknowledged by persons who are under the liability. It is an admission that there is an outstanding debt.Section 18
 12Rule of PrescriptionPrescription refers to one type of naturalness the right to use the property of another. For this, the use of land   for   an appropriate statutory period has been     open, continuous, exclusive and under a claim of rightSection 25
 13Rule of Adverse PossessionIf any person possesses any property in adverse to the interest of true owner and true owner fails to file a suit for recovery of possession within a period of limitation, then the person in possession becomes owner of property by way of adverse possession.Section 27
 14Longa Possessio parit jus possidendi et tollit actionem vero dominoLong possession produces the right of possession and takes away from the true owner his actionSection 27
 15Animus PossidendiIntention to possessSection 27
 16Id certum est quod certum reddi potestThat is certain which can be reduced to a certaintyArticle 113